Two classes of the Chesnoy High school (45) participated in the collection of understorey litter and soil sampling the 14 of November and the 1st of December.
Following the meeting with the Forest Health Department in June (see related article), evaluation of tree health was performed on OPTMix plots in collaboration with the University of Orléans (Cécile Barbaroux, Aurélien Salle, LBLGC laboratory), the National Forest Office (Michel Sottejeau) and the Forest Health Department (DSF). This operation took place from September 5 to September 14. The DSF scoring protocols were applied to about 400 trees. These scores will help interpret the results on the intra-annual growth and storage of glucidic reserves (see related article).
After a very wet spring, a severe drought has occured from July to August with very low rainfall (20 mm for the two months) and high temperatures (days above 35°C). These weather conditions added to the harsh soil conditions of the Orleans forest led to significant stress for the trees. To better understand the effects of drought on tree functionning, experiments were conducted during the summer as part of the thesis of Jordan Bello (PhD student, Irstea). Two methods were carried out: the first method is based on measuring the base water potential of trees and the second is based on the measurement of oxygen isotope ratio in soil and wood. These methods make it possible to estimate the stress suffered by trees and the depth of water uptake by each species. The sampling was designed in order to see whether stress and depth of water uptake during drought depend on stand composition (monospecific or mixed).
210 traps were set up between july and september in 21 plots of the OPTMix experiment in order to collect leaf litter. Leaf litter will be collected for two years at least. These data will be used by Jordan Bello (Irstea phd student) to calculate leaf area index for the different stand compositions (monospecific oak, monospecific pine and mixture) and for three stand densities (low, medium and high). These traps will also be used to estimate the seed production for the studies dealing with vegetation dynamic.
François-Xavier Saintonge head French Forest Health Monitoring Agency northwest inter-pole (DSF), Michel Sottejeau (National Forestry Office) Loiret’s corresponding observer and Aurelien Salle (Orléans University) meet a small delegation of researchers and technicians IRSTEA about OPTMix health monitoring. The target of this morning was twice. First, how to characterize each plot health status and in second time how to establish a specific monitoring during an attack (Erannis defoliaria this year).
French Forest Health Monitoring Agency expressed its expertise and reassured us about the current attack. Differents protocols have been raised and measures were planned.
Sandrine Perret et Vincent Seigner (Irstea)
We started a collaborative project with Cécile Barbaroux and Aurélien Salé Biology Laboratory and Woody Crops ( LBLGC ) from the University of Orleans about tree reserves. We recently collected wood samples of the trees in trunks and roots of oak (mid -May) and pine (early June). The objective is to study how the competition within and between species change carbon tree reserves and the allocation between growth and reserves. Another sampling campaign is planned at the Autumn, and analysis of samples and data will be an internship Master 2 next year.
Nathalie Korboulewsky (Irstea)
The first thesis committee of Jordan Bello (phd student, Irstea Nogent-sur-Vernisson) was held on May 10, 2016 in Paris (AgroParisTech).
His thesis, co-funded by the region Centre Val de Loire and ADEME, is based on the OPTMix experimental plots and aims at answering the following question:
“Mixing tree species and lowering stand density: Are these forestry strategies relevant to face climate change?”
The participants of this first thesis committee:
– Laurent Augusto, Inra Bordeaux
– Damien Bonal, Inra Nancy-Lorraine
– Cécile Vincent-Barbaroux, University of Orléans
– Nicolas Delpierre, University of Paris-Sud 11
– Miriam Buitrago, ADEME Angers
– Nathalie Korboulewsky, phd supervisor (Irstea)
– Patrick Vallet, co-supervisor (Irstea)
– Philippe Balandier, advisor (Irstea)
– Thomas Perot, advisor (Irstea)
IRSTEA and the National Forests Office set up a reference weather station at the “Carrefour de la Résistance” in the middle of the Orleans Forest. Scientist and forest manager have now access to weather data as temperatures, relative humidity, precipitation, radiant light, wind speed and wind direction.
The station is operationnal since april 2016.
For the ScanComp project (Labex Arbre, coordinated by Ignacio Barbeito from INRA), a T-Lidar measure campaign was performed from 14 to 18 of March 2016.
The aim of the project is to study the influences of stand composition (monospecific or mixed stand) and trees status (small, medium, large) on the crown form of oak trees. The full sample will be made of 81 scanned trees.